Antimicrobial Susceptibility for Bacterial Isolates from Abattoir Effluent of Damaturu-Nigeria

  • Debajyoti Bose Department of Biological Sciences, Yobe State University, K.M. 7 Gujba Road, P.M.B. 1144, Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria
  • Muhammad M Kime Department of Biological Sciences, Yobe State University, K.M. 7 Gujba Road, P.M.B. 1144, Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria

Abstract

Hazards caused by effluent into the environment are enormous and may lead to several complications in living forms. Our present research studies were conducted to determine antimicrobial susceptibility and resistance for bacterial isolates collected from abattoirs effluent in Damatruru, Nigeria against commercially available antibiotics. Temperature and pH of the effluent were determined. Bacterial isolates were identified by biochemical method and antimicrobial susceptibility was determined using disc and well diffusion method. The initial temperature of abattoir effluent were 25oC, initial pH of abattoir were 6.7.The bacterial isolates from abattoir effluent were identified as Escherichia coli, Shigella sp. and Staphylococcus aureus. Escherichia coli were resistant to Chloramphenicol(Ch), Sparfloxacin(SP), Ciprofloxacin(CPX), Amoxicillin(AM), Agumentin (AU), Gentamycin(GN), Pefloxacin(PCF) and Streptomycin(S). Shigella sp. showed resistance against Sparfloxacin, Ciprofloxacin, Amoxicillin, Augumentin, Gentamycin, and Streptomycin, whereas Shigella sp.  was sensitive to Septrin (Co-trimoxazole), Chlorophenicol, Pefloxacin and Tarivid (Ofloxacin). The Staphylococcus aureus were resistant to Ampiclox (Ampicillin and Cloxacillin), Zinacef (Cefuroxime), Amoxicillin and Erythromycin, whereas it was sensitive to Pefloxacin, Gentamycin, Ciprofloxacin, Streptomycin and Septrin. For, Well diffusion method, Escherichia coli were resistance to Septrin and Amoxicillin, whereas sensitive to Ciprofloxacin and Tetracycline .Shigella sp. were resistant to Septrin, Amoxicillin whereas, sensitive to Ciprofloxacin and Tetracycline. Staphylococcus aureurs were resistant to Septrin, Amoxicillin. Other showed the susceptibility to antibiotics.

Keywords: Abattoir effluent, Escherichia coli, Shigella sp., Staphylococcus aureus, antibiotics

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Bose, D., and M. Kime. “Antimicrobial Susceptibility for Bacterial Isolates from Abattoir Effluent of Damaturu-Nigeria”. International Journal of Advancement in Life Sciences Research, Vol. 2, no. 2, Apr. 2019, pp. 27-35, http://ijalsr.org/index.php/journal/article/view/57.
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Research Articles