Effectiveness of Olive Oil with Virgin Coconut Oil on Pruritus Grade Scores Among Hemodialysis Patients

  • Rizki Muliani Bhakti Kencana University, Bandung, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7226-699X
  • Vina Vitniawati Bhakti Kencana University, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Denden Ardiyana Rakhman Majalaya Regional Public Hospital Bandung District, Bandung, Indonesia

Abstract

Hemodialysis is an action taken to treat various problems caused by Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Pruritus is a complication that often occurs due to hemodialysis, can cause injury to the skin, and interfere with patient comfort. Emollients are recommended to treat pruritus, where Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) and Olive Oil (OO) are effective emollients to treat pruritus because they are easy to obtain, natural, and without side effects. The purpose of this study was to assess differences in the effectiveness of reducing pruritus grade scores in hemodialysis patients using VCO and OO. This study used a quasi-experiment with two groups pre-post test design. Samples were taken using the purposive sampling technique involving 72 patients undergoing hemodialysis which were divided into two groups (VCO and OO). The instrument used the score of the degree of pruritus and the data were analyzed by the Mann-Whitney test. The results of the study obtained a p-value of 0.008 (<0.05) which means that there is a difference in the effectiveness of giving VCO with OO on the score of the degree of pruritus in patients, VCO is more effective in reducing the score of the degree of pruritus in patients. So that the use of VCO can be used as an alternative nurse intervention in the treatment of pruritus in hemodialysis patients.

Keywords: Chronic Kidney Disease, Hemodialysis, Olive Oil, Pruritus, Virgin Coconut Oil

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How to Cite
Muliani, R., Vitniawati, V., & Rakhman, D. (2021). Effectiveness of Olive Oil with Virgin Coconut Oil on Pruritus Grade Scores Among Hemodialysis Patients. International Journal of Advancement in Life Sciences Research, 4(4), 25-33. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31632/ijalsr.2021.v04i04.004