Co-existence of High Levels of Undernutrition and Hypertension among Sabar Males of Purulia, West Bengal, India: A Paradox
Undernutrition and Hypertension among Sabar men
Background: Undernutrition, particularly Chronic Energy Deficiency (CED), among tribal males is a major health problem in India. In the recent years, prevalence of Hypertension (HT) is increasing among them. Our cross sectional study assessed the nutritional status as well as prevalence of HT and compare the association of different anthropometric and blood pressure (BP) variables with age among Sabar adult males of Purulia District, West Bengal, India.
Research Methods: Measurements of height, weight, hip and waist circumferences, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and pulse rate of 215 adults aged 18-63 years were taken following standard procedure and calibrated machines. Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist-Hip Ratio (WHR), Waist-to-Height Ratio (WHtR), Conicity Index (CI) and Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) were calculated. The ANOVA and Chi Square tests and correlation analysis were performed to test for significant differences and association between variables. Statistical significant was set at 0.05.
Results: The coexistence of high prevalence of undernutrition based on BMI (CED = 47.0%) and HT (37.7%) among adult male Sabars was observed.
Conclusion: Paradoxically, there existed a high prevalence of CED and HT among Sabar men. Further research is required to fully understand the mechanism behind this paradox. Apparently, this population seems to suffer from a double burden of high CED and HT. Similar studies should also be undertaken among other tribal populations (both men and women) to determine whether such a paradox exists among them.
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